Testosterone is the sex hormone that helps boys become men; it is key during puberty and the development of male physical features. Testosterone helps men maintain muscle strength and mass, facial and body hair, and a deeper voice; it is also needed for men to produce sperm. Testosterone levels can affect men’s sex drive, erections, mood, muscle mass, and bone density.
After age 30, most men begin to experience a gradual decline in testosterone; however, there are a number of other possible causes for low testosterone, including:
- Injury to the testicles
- Testicular cancer or treatment for testicular cancer
- Hormonal disorders
- Chronic liver or kidney disease
- Type 2 diabetes
Some medicines and genetic conditions can also lower a man’s testosterone score, and, in some cases, the cause is unknown.
There are many sexual and non-sexual symptoms that can be indicative of low testosterone.
Sexual signs include:
- Diminished/Low sex drive
- Weaker and/or fewer erections
- Inability to maintain an erection
Non sexual signs include:
- Increase in body fat
- Diminished energy
- Reduced muscle mass
- Anemia (low iron)
- Reduced Bone Mass
Having a gradual decline in your testosterone level as you age is to be expected; however, treatment may be considered if you’re experiencing symptoms related to low testosterone. A blood test can accurately determine your testosterone level; a man’s normal total testosterone range is about 300 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL) to about 800ng/dL, depending on the lab.
If you have any concerns, or experience any of the associated low testosterone symptoms listed above, contact the Urology Group of Princeton to schedule an appointment. The board certified physician/surgeons at the Urology Group of Princeton are highly trained to evaluate your symptoms, perform applicable tests, and develop the proper treatment plan, which may include Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT).